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修井技术员手册

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技术员 手册
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修井技术员手册井下作业分公司2007年8月15日-I-目录1计算公式.........................................................................................................................................11.1水力参数常用计算.............................................................................................................11.2修井液常用计算.................................................................................................................41.3固井常用计算.....................................................................................................................61.4井控常用计算.....................................................................................................................71.5压井常用计算.....................................................................................................................71.6事故处理常用计算.............................................................................................................82套管数据......................................................................................................................................112.1套管容积数据表...............................................................................................................112.2常用套管数据...................................................................................................................122.3套管识别...........................................................................................................................123钻具及井口常用工具...................................................................................................................133.1方钻杆...............................................................................................................................133.1.1方钻杆基本结构...................................................................................................133.1.2方钻杆基本参数...................................................................................................143.1.3使用要求...............................................................................................................143.2钻杆...................................................................................................................................143.2.1钻杆基本结构.......................................................................................................153.2.2钻杆基本技术参数...............................................................................................153.2.3钻杆使用要求.......................................................................................................163.3钻铤...................................................................................................................................163.3.1钻铤基本结构.......................................................................................................163.3.2钻铤技术参数.......................................................................................................163.3.3钻铤使用要求.......................................................................................................173.4套铣筒...............................................................................................................................173.4.1基本结构...............................................................................................................173.4.2基本技术参数.......................................................................................................173.5井口常用工具...................................................................................................................173.5.1吊卡.......................................................................................................................173.5.2抽油杆吊卡...........................................................................................................183.5.3吊环.......................................................................................................................193.5.4卡瓦.......................................................................................................................193.5.5安全卡瓦...............................................................................................................213.5.6常用上卸扣工具...................................................................................................214常用修井工具...............................................................................................................................224.1检测类工具......................................................................................................................224.1.1平底带护罩铅模...................................................................................................224.1.2普通型铅模...........................................................................................................234.1.3胶模.......................................................................................................................234.1.4通径规...................................................................................................................234.2打捞类工具.......................................................................................................................244.2.1锥类打捞工具.......................................................................................................24-II-4.2.2矛类打捞工具.......................................................................................................264.2.3筒类打捞工具.......................................................................................................284.2.4钩类打捞工具.......................................................................................................344.2.5篮类打捞工具.......................................................................................................354.2.6其它打捞工具.......................................................................................................374.3切割类工具.......................................................................................................................414.3.1机械式内割刀.......................................................................................................414.3.2机械式外割刀.......................................................................................................424.3.3聚能切割(爆炸)工具.......................................................................................444.4倒扣类工具......................................................................................................................454.4.1倒扣器...................................................................................................................454.4.2倒扣捞筒...............................................................................................................464.4.3倒扣捞矛...............................................................................................................474.5套管刮削类工具...............................................................................................................484.5.1胶筒式套管刮削器...............................................................................................484.5.2弹簧式套管刮削器...............................................................................................494.6挤胀类工具......................................................................................................................504.6.1梨形胀管器...........................................................................................................504.6.2旋转震击式整形器...............................................................................................514.6.3偏心辊子整形器...................................................................................................514.6.4三锥辊套管整形器...............................................................................................524.6.5整形弹...................................................................................................................534.7钻、磨、铣类工具..........................................................................................................544.7.1钻头类工具...........................................................................................................544.7.2平底磨鞋...............................................................................................................544.7.3凹面磨鞋...............................................................................................................554.7.4领眼磨鞋...............................................................................................................564.7.5梨形磨鞋...............................................................................................................574.7.6铣锥.......................................................................................................................584.7.7套铣筒...................................................................................................................584.8震击类工具.......................................................................................................................594.8.1开式下击器...........................................................................................................594.8.2液压式上击器.......................................................................................................604.9套管补接类工具..............................................................................................................624.9.1铅封注水泥套管补接器.......................................................................................624.9.2封隔器型套管补接器...........................................................................................634.10加固类工具.....................................................................................................................644.10.1不密封式丢手加固.............................................................................................644.10.2液压密封加固.....................................................................................................654.11辅助类工具.....................................................................................................................654.11.1安全接头.............................................................................................................664.11.2沉砂筒.................................................................................................................675修井工艺技术及案例...................................................................................................................685.1打捞工艺技术及案例.......................................................................................................68-III-5.1.1打捞的基本原则...................................................................................................685.1.2管类落物打捞.......................................................................................................685.1.3杆类落物打捞.......................................................................................................695.1.4小件落物打捞.......................................................................................................695.1.5绳类落物打捞.......................................................................................................695.1.6气井解卡打捞.......................................................................................................695.1.7现场应用案例.......................................................................................................715.2解卡工艺技术及案例.......................................................................................................735.2.1卡钻事故的原因..................................................................................................735.2.2卡钻事故的处理..................................................................................................745.2.3现场应用案例......................................................................................................765.3套管整形工艺技术及案例...............................................................................................785.3.1冲胀碾压整形......................................................................................................785.3.2磨铣整形..............................................................................................................795.3.3燃爆整形..............................................................................................................795.3.4现场应用案例......................................................................................................795.4套管加固、补贴工艺技术及案例...................................................................................795.4.1不密封加固..........................................................................................................795.4.2液压密封加固......................................................................................................805.4.3燃气动力加固......................................................................................................805.4.4波纹管补贴技术..................................................................................................805.4.5现场应用案例......................................................................................................805.5取换套工艺技术及案例...................................................................................................815.5.1取换套工艺原理..................................................................................................815.5.2取换套工艺过程..................................................................................................815.5.3取换套常见问题..................................................................................................815.5.4现场应用案例......................................................................................................825.6侧斜工艺技术及案例.......................................................................................................835.6.1侧斜的概念..........................................................................................................835.6.2侧斜工序..............................................................................................................835.6.3侧斜井井身质量要求..........................................................................................835.6.4现场应用案例......................................................................................................835.7潜油电泵解卡打捞工艺技术及案例...............................................................................845.7.1潜油电泵井下事故的原因..................................................................................845.7.2潜油电泵解卡打捞工艺过程..............................................................................855.7.3现场应用案例......................................................................................................865.8工程报废工艺技术及案例...............................................................................................865.8.1工艺要求..............................................................................................................875.8.2现场应用案例......................................................................................................876修井液体系..............................................................
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